Health Benefits You Get After Cutting Back on Coffee

Health and Wellness 14 March 2018 | 0 Comments

On this fast-paced world we live in, it is considered a norm to drink coffee regularly in order to give us the energy we need to finish our tasks. Whether we know it or not, we begin to rely on coffee to give us the boost we need in the morning. It came to a point where we don’t feel alright, or we feel something is lacking, if we deprive ourselves of this hearty drink.

Regardless, drinking too much coffee can actually be harmful to our bodies. Keep in mind that too much of anything can be destructive in the end. With that, nutritionists highlight a couple of health benefits we get from cutting back on our coffee consumption.

1. Lose some pounds
Caffeinated drinks contain far too many calories. And while they are essential for us to burn while we do our day-to-day tasks, a generous amount still remains and therefore weighs us over time. Blended coffee drinks, such as frappucinos, can easily make you gain unwanted weight in every serving. A bit of sugar and cream on your drink may not sound as much, but you’ll be surprised to know they easily equate to roughly about 200 calories.

2. Better sleep
Having a caffeine boost at least six hours before your bed time can disrupt your good night’s sleep. Coffee, for one, is known to keep one’s mental state awake and alert — hence hindering you from achieving a sound rest for the night. Those who are completely off caffeine when the night falls are found to sleep deeper!

3. Feel calmer
Although it varies among different people, coffee is generally infamous for putting the body’s nervous system on high alert. Coffee lovers generally feel anxious after a cup of coffee, if not most. The caffeine it contains triggers adrenaline release to the body. On medical terms, it is also a vasoconstrictor; which means the drink narrows your blood vessels and raises blood pressure. Lesser coffee means lesser feelings of stress and vague anxiousness.

4. Less emergency bathroom trips
Coffee is also known for its effect on speeding up one’s digestive process. Since the drink is acidic, it puts you on the risk of emergency trips to the bathroom more frequently. Significantly cutting back on coffee means you won’t need to prepare for emergency runs to the nearest toilet often. This puts your stomach on a much happier, satisfied state.

5. Whiter teeth
Caffeinated drinks such as coffee and tea are notorious for staining the teeth. This results to your teeth turning yellow, despite your regular habit of flossing and brushing your teeth properly. Cutting back on your coffee consumption is one good way to prevent your teeth from getting further stained. The more coffee you drink, the more likely you are to subject your teeth to staining. Besides, who wouldn’t love a healthy set of pearly whites?

5 Amazing Caffeine Facts Everyone Must Know

Health and Wellness 14 March 2018 | 0 Comments

Caffeine is one of the most popular and accessible stimulants in the market. Adults, for one, are noted to consume an increased amount of caffeine on a daily basis. Their staggering number shouldn’t be a surprise. With all the workloads and deadlines they have to meet, they need a drink to give them the energy they need in getting all the work done.

Although caffeine enjoys its popularity among varied crowds, most people only have limited knowledge when it comes to the stimulant. For instance, when caffeine is brought up in any conversation, people immediately assume they’re talking about coffee or certain sodas. But did you know there’s more to know about caffeine?

1. It brings positive impact on one’s memory
Caffeine is known to have a positive impact on both your short-term and long-term memory. A drink per day may just protect you from cognitive decline (brought about by old age) and even diseases like Alzheimer’s. Regardless, in order to protect the body from Alzheimer’s, it is also important to get enough sleep and rest. Be sure to drink only the right amount of caffeinated drinks, nothing more!

2. Caffeine effects are immediate
The effects of caffeine on the body takes on immediately. The substance can easily pass through the barrier in the blood and the brain, making the body’s central nervous system easy to stimulate. You will instantly feel alert after downing one cup of coffee. The boost continues on for about one hour after consumption, allowing you to achieve more work productivity.

3. Enhances athletic skills
It has been found out how caffeine aids in the improvement of one’s workout or performance in a game/sport. In particular, the stimulant increases one’s alertness and thus decreases reaction time. Consuming caffeine is also likely to help you bring out the best version of you. You can do significantly more for what it seems like a normal amount of effort.

4. It doesn’t dehydrate you
About 98 percent of caffeine is usually consumed through caffeinated drinks. Thus, you are still keeping the body hydrated in a way every time you take it in. Contrary to popular belief, caffeine is unlikely to dehydrate you, but this doesn’t mean you should drink unhealthy amounts of it. It is still encouraged to enjoy the drink moderately. Water is still more effective in keeping yourself hydrated, so don’t forget to chug in some water as well.

5. Caffeine spans beyond beverages
Caffeinated drinks aside, the stimulant can also be consumed majorly in chocolates and other foods and substances. You may even find caffeine in some medicines, such as Midol. This can be dangerous, though, especially if you are diagnosed with an existing hypertension or any heart condition. Remember to consult your doctor if it is alright for you to take caffeine-infused pain relievers.

How to Maximize Your Wedding Flowers Budget

Weddings 22 February 2018 | 0 Comments

Weddings can be some of the most expensive things that you have to plan for in your lifetime in Singapore, and this can be even more difficult when you’re on a budget. However, your dream of having beautiful flowers for your wedding day is not impossible, if you follow these helpful tips:

1. Use locally grown flowers.

Wedding flowers that are locally grown tend to be much cheaper than their imported counterparts, and since this is Singapore, tropical flowers such as orchids will keep for longer.

Another advantage of using locally grown flowers for your wedding is that they are much easier to find and are more likely to be available year-round, which could save both you and your wedding florist the hassle of having to wait for the pre-order.

2. Watch out for the seasons.

Holidays and seasons can affect prices and make the flowers you want for your floral decor centerpiece or wedding car decor more expensive, as they would be in demand by that time. Peonies and roses are two examples of the most popular wedding flowers in Singapore, which can be quite expensive because of the demand for them.

As much as possible, go for flowers that are in-season. Not only will this guarantee you the freshest blooms from your florist’s suppliers, but you will also be guaranteed of cheaper prices.

3. Spread out the more expensive flowers in your floral decor.

One aspect of the wedding that needs to go when you’re on a budget is the scale. For instance, a smaller wedding overall is the better decision to make if you still want to keep the elements that you wanted for your wedding.

The expensive flowers may also have to go in favor of much cheaper and safer alternatives. You may want to forgo the peonies in your bridal bouquet if your budget happens to be on a really tight belt.

Don’t immediately count out a flower from your Singapore simply because you don’t like what it looks like by itself. You might find that you have more options when you allow yourself to be open to suggestions than what you initially expected for your bridal bouquet.

For instance, a single carnation flower itself might not be all that gorgeous to look at, but a cluster of them or an arrangement of spray roses is really a sight to behold.

Instead of one large centerpiece or a large vase, opt for several smaller centerpieces or several smaller vases. Talk to your wedding florist in advance if you have changes to make well in advance before proceeding with the order.

4. Flexibility with your flower choices is key.

Allowing yourself to be open to suggestions is a good start – but you can further cut down on your costs by choosing flowers that are flexible in the sense that they can be placed in either centerpieces or the bridal bouquet.

However, this doesn’t mean that you have to give up on the flowers that you always wanted for your wedding. While you may need to cut down, you can still vary the flower pairings in order to come up with a unique combination that will definitely wow guests at your wedding.

5. Opt for more foliage in your wedding flower designs.

Greenery, such as ivory or ferns, may not seem like much at first, but they can be a great filler and sometimes even be separate centerpieces or additions to the bridal bouquet when placed strategically. They are also cheaper to procure than flowers and can serve many purposes, apart from just being centerpieces.

If you have to include expensive flowers for your floral decor, your table centerpieces, and your wedding car decor, choose flowers with big blooms, such as cymbidium orchids, as they can still stand out despite the relative lack of numbers.

6. Keep your arrangements simple.

Don’t splurge on the wedding flowers for the giant centerpieces and floral arches if you can’t afford it – the last thing you want to be in after your wedding is to be waist-deep in debt.

Aside from the floral decor, you should also look out for things such as the non-floral decor, the boutonnieres, and even the wedding favors that could also rack up the price cost when you least expect it. However, this shouldn’t be too much of a problem, as non-floral alternatives are cheaper and can in fact be something you can look into.

You can even mix floral centerpieces with non-floral decor, such as candelabras or lanterns, to give them a special twist.

7. Talk to your wedding florist.

Chances are, your wedding florist will want you to be upfront about your budget, as you will have to take some setbacks if you want to pull your wedding off. If you still have to go with the expensive flowers, you might have to cut back somewhere else, such as the guest list, the catering, or even the accommodations.

Be sure to talk to your wedding florist in Singapore about the kinds of arrangements that you want as well as the ones that are within reach of your budget to work a compromise.

The good news is that you can thank your florist in this case for being flexible with price ranges as well as knowing different wedding flowers that will go great with your wedding flowers and floral decor.

*This list is compiled in no particular order.*

Ceramides: The Miracle You Need for Dry Skin

Skin Care 12 February 2018 | 0 Comments

Ceramides are the skin’s unsung heroes. They are oily wax of lipid molecules that help hold skin cells together. But like all things, they deplete as you age. It is the reason why your skin looks drier and wrinklier over time.
Below, we share with you the scoop on this miracle skincare ingredient—what it is, where to find them and what products have them.

What is ceramides?
Ceramides are skin lipids found on the outermost layer of the skin. As such, they are important for maintaining and reinforcing your skin’s barrier. Remember that your skin’s moisture barrier functions as a security blanket to protect your skin from the sun’s harmful rays, contaminants and bacteria while keeping it well moisturized.
Basically, ceramides are naturally produced by the skin to help seal moisture. Once your ceramides depletes or gets compromised, that’s when you will experience dry and flaky skin. When this happens, you will need to use something that will help replenish your skin’s ceramides to keep your skin supple.

Where to find ceramides?
Now that the rainy and cold weather has begun, you may have noticed a slight change on the condition of your skin. The cold, rainy weather, as well as longer exposure to air conditioned environment, can dry out your skin. Luckily, ceramides can be found in many skincare products. Using body lotions and face creams infused with this miracle ingredient will greatly help restore your skin to its former glory.

What products have ceramides in them?
As mentioned, many skincare products today are infused with ceramides. Moisturizing body and face creams include this in their formulation. Some of the cult favorite products rich in ceramides that skincare junkies swear by are:

Dr Jart Ceramidin Cream – This product is, perhaps, the most talked about in this list. This cream may seem to have very thick consistency, but absorbs quickly when spread onto the skin. You will be surprised of the immediate difference after a couple of use.

First Aid Beauty Ultra Repair – This one is a head to toe moisturizer that’s rich in ceramides, shea butter, colloidal oatmeal and antioxidants—all fantastic for maintaining a glowing and youthful skin.

Mario Badescu AHA and Ceramides Moisturizer – The product brings twice the power with ceramids and alpha-hydroxy acids in a single skincare product. As the ceramides strengthen your skin’s moisture barrier, alpha-hydroxy acids plumps the skin, reducing visibility of fine lines and wrinkles. With its great effects, you can amp up the results by using it before bedtime.

These are just a few of the best ceramide-rich products you can use for better skin. Explore more options and don’t forget to read the label for more skin beneficial ingredients.

6 Table Manners Everyone Still Needs to Follow

Fine Dining 12 February 2018 | 0 Comments

If you think table etiquette do not matter as much as it used to be, think again. One slurp or wrong grip of fork can turn someone off. To make sure you will not be offending anyone when dining in a quite fancy restaurant, here’s a quick refresher for table manners that still matters.

1. Chew With Your Mouth Closed
Have you been asked before why you chew with your mouth open? That’s a sign that people are quite distracted with noisy and open-mouth chewing. This is the number one table manner everyone should always keep in mind, whether dining at a fancy restaurant or in a fast food chain. Seeing the chewed up matter inside someone else’s mouth is just nasty.

2. Start Eating When Everyone’s Food is Served
The general rule is that when having a sit-down dinner with eight people or less, you can start eating when everyone’s food is served, especially the host’s. At larger guests, you can start eating when the food for people from your either side has been served.

3. Napkins Are Not Tissues
The napkin is used to dab the outsides of your mouth clean. Do not use it to remove your lipstick or (for God’s sake) to blow your nose. If you need to do either of the two, excuse yourself to the bathroom.

4. It’s Not Okay to Ask for Takeaway Box for Leftovers
During formal dinners, like wedding dinners and business lunches, you would look cheap for asking a takeaway box for the leftovers. Remember, you’re there to dine and to socialize, not for the leftovers. Doggie boxes are okay during family dinners, but inappropriate during professional dining.

5. Know How to Position Utensils Properly
Position your fork should be on the right and the knife on the left, crossing over at the center of the plate to let the waiter know you are just resting. To let the waiter know you’re finished, position your fork and knife together at the four o’clock position.

6. The Host Should be the One Paying the Bill
This is quite tricky. If you are the one who invited the other parties, you are the host of the dinner and should be the one paying, regardless of the gender. If the male guest offers to pay, the woman host have choices. You can insist since you were the one who invited him out or excuse yourself from the table and pay the bill without the guest knowing. However, if the man guest strongly insists, you wouldn’t want to fight over it, let him pay.

Keep these tips in mind and you’re all set to dine in a fancy restaurant.

HIV, Pregnancy, and Motherhood

Health and Wellness 26 September 2017 | 0 Comments

Human immunodeficiency virus can be transmitted in three other methods besides sexual contact with an infected person; such as, direct contact with infected blood and blood products, breastmilk from an infected mother, and mother-to-infant transmission at birth.

A surprising number of mothers throughout the world were unaware that they have been infected either by their husband or another partner, and unwittingly infected their newborn in the process. Transmission of the virus can be prevented through HIV screening at one of the clinics or hospitals in Singapore or through an anonymous HIV test done at home through an HIV test kit.

Risk Factors for Mothers

It is possible for a mother to be HIV-infected, but still have a baby who is free from the infection. First, it must be determined if the woman is at risk of contracting the virus at in Singapore through practices such as unprotected sex, having multiple partners, having a partner or husband who is HIV-positive, and the sharing of equipment such as needles.

If you are pregnant, your doctor will recommend that you undergo HIV testing during your first antenatal appointment, and another during the third trimester or 36 weeks of gestation. This test is different from the routine prenatal checks that all expectant mothers go through.

Some doctors in Singapore also recommend that a high-risk mother should get an HIV screening right after the delivery of the baby. The newborn will need HIV testing as well, but the methods will differ from those recommended for the mother.

The husband or partner should also get tested, because he is the most likely culprit for infecting the pregnant woman.

As a preventative measure for couples, some doctors advice individuals planning to have a baby to get tested for sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs) and HIV. Having an STD (especially infections that cause skin lesions such as sores) can also place either you or your partner at risk for contracting HIV.

Testing the Mother

HIV testing is generally accurate, but you will need at least two tests within a 3-month window period to determine if you really are HIV-positive. The earliest test can be performed 3 weeks after the initial infection, so that the virus can be detected in the samples. Testing a pregnant mother for HIV isn’t different from the HIV screening recommended for adolescents and adults.

All the existing HIV testing methods can be classified into two general types; testing for HIV antibodies and testing for the virus itself. The antibodies are the part of your immune system that fight infections, such as HIV. There is a specific antibody that targets certain infections, and the laboratory technicians will specifically look for the presence of HIV antibodies. The antigen on the other hand, is part of the virus that the antibodies will respond to. Some tests include both methods that look for the virus and the antibodies in the blood sample.

If the first test is positive, a different test is needed to confirm the result. If the first test is positive, but the second is negative, the result is called false positive.

HIV-positive pregnant women are recommended to undergo treatment to prevent the infection of the baby. A check-up and several laboratory tests will be required every 3 months to keep the baby healthy. You will need antiretroviral therapy (ART) and you might have to undergo a C-section if the viral load is at a high level. The baby will also be given antiretroviral treatment until he/she can be tested. Breastfeeding and pre-chewing food for the baby is also not allowed until the child is old enough.

Testing the Infant

If the HIV-positive mother is given the appropriate treatment, the chances of transmitting the virus to the infant is reduced to 2% according to studies, as opposed to a 25% chance when there is no treatment. That is why besides the medication, therapy, and tests, the mother should avoid the following risks to reduce transmission: STD infection, smoking and substance abuse, malnutrition, vitamin A deficiency, and high viral load.

There is no way to know if the infant is infected until he/she gets an HIV screening. However, testing infants for the disease can be tricky especially during the first four months of life. Infants younger than 18 months require special HIV testing such as the extraction, amplification, and detection of the HIV nucleic acids. Why is HIV difficult to detect in infants? That’s because the HIV antibody of the infant isn’t distinguishable from the HIV antibody of the mother. The HIV screening aims to distinguish the HIV RNA from the infant’s RNA.

Once the baby is older, HIV tests in Singapore clinics and hospitals that will detect the presence of HIV antigens and/or antibodies can be performed.

Postpartum Care

For babies exposed to HIV, the following treatments are required: postpartum antiretroviral (ARV) drugs, infant ARV prophylaxis, and neonatal Zidovudine prophylaxis for the next four weeks. Even if the baby’s mother has a resistance to ARV, the same treatment will still be recommended for the infant.

For premature babies, either prophylaxis and treatment or prophylaxis alone is recommended, but ARV drugs cannot be prescribed because there is a risk of overdosing.

The doctors must take special care during the delivery by avoiding episiotomies or incisions to enlarge the vaginal opening and the rupturing of the amniotic sac, because the baby will be exposed to more infected fluids and blood. The baby might be given Zidovudine within 8 to 12 hours after birth to decrease the likelihood of infection, and the treatment will continue for the next 6 weeks.

The mother will also receive continuous treatment for HIV and will be given advice how to protect her child from exposure.

Brain Foods: 6 Healthy Snacks for Your Next Study Session

Health and Wellness 29 August 2017 | 0 Comments

Let’s face it, most college students around the world survive on limited funds. Students manage on cheap but tasty meals like instant noodles and other processed meals, despite knowing it is mostly just preservatives in pretty packaging. Preparation time also takes no longer than 5 minutes which makes it a popular food choice in Singapore and a lot of other countries. However, just because you are on a thrift budget does not mean you have to sacrifice your health in return.

There are snacks accessible to you which are great if you are on-the-go or tight on spending. These healthy treats give you both the perks of health and convenience. Not only that, they are also known to stimulate brain function which makes them perfect to snack on for your next study session. Snack on these healthy alternatives now that your finals coming up to hit two birds with one stone!

1. Banana
Did you know bananas are good brain snacks? They are rich in potassium, fiber, and many other vitamins with only an average of 100 calories. Plus they are also flavorful, no doubt about that. Grab a slice before you begin reading on that world history coursework.

2. Dark Chocolate
Chocolate can be beneficial to the body if consumed in moderation. Dark chocolate, specifically, is filled with iron, fiber, and magnesium which are known nutrients that help the brain regulate blood flow. Increase in blood flow means increased function of the heart and with that, your memory can be improved. Like coffee, it is also a stimulant that keeps you awake.

3. Carrots
Ugh, veggies. Yes — but hear us out! Sliced carrot sticks are cheap and easy to make at home. It is also packed with nutrients such as fiber, protein, and potassium that is beneficial to the body. They are perfect for snacking in between classes and studying, too.

4. String Cheese
A stick of string cheese is actually a good option to snack on. It only has around 80 calories, not to mention the protein and calcium it is loaded with. This is a healthy choice if you want a snack that will stimulate your taste buds without the high costs. Yum!

5. Eggs
There are a lot of nutrients you get in a single egg. Research shows that by eating an egg on the daily, you potentially lower the chances of having a heart disease, fatigue, and even cancer. Eggs also contain minerals that help in brain development, as well as improving cognitive performance. They are easy to prepare and friendly to your wallet too!

6. Peanut Butter
Made out of peanuts, this spread is practical as it is relatively cheap and filled with protein. It offers good kinds of fat which keeps you full for longer hours compared to most snacks. If you’re craving for something sweet, don’t hesitate and indulge in a peanut butter sandwich during your next revisions.

4 Fool-Proof Ways to Recharge at Work Without Caffeine

Work Productivity 24 August 2017 | 0 Comments

It is a truth universally acknowledged that drinking coffee in the morning is one of the most popular ways to boost one’s energy levels. It only takes a few minutes to prepare, making it convenient for those who are on-the-go. Caffeine is known to give the body a ‘kick’, allowing the mind to be alert and nerves to be on full function mode. In Singapore, for instance, majority of the young workers rely on a quick coffee fix in between work hours in order to keep themselves awake.

However, researchers found out that drinking more than 5 cups of coffee a day can potentially bring harm to the body. There is a certain healthy level of caffeine that is good for the health, generally 1 to 2 cups a day is enough, but if one’s love for coffee overpowers moderation then it is like freely putting oneself to the many risks and dangers.

Boosting your energy levels in caffeine-free ways sounds almost impossible if you’ve grown accustomed to drinking coffee almost every other hour, but this article will provide ways to give you a midday energy push despite the absence of coffee.

1. Exercise
Sometimes, a quick work-out session is effective for you to awaken your tired bones up. Short exercises like a jog or a walk around the block during your lunch break, or even proper stretching can get rid of your drowsiness as your body will be back on an energized state. Working with an alert mind and body can contribute well to the pending workload you have to finish!

2. Eat well
Integrating a balanced proportion of complex carbohydrates, greens, and protein in your diet can make you feel good as well as look good. Get rid of the chips and chocolate bars. Snacking on a fresh fruit or nuts during your next health break will give you the boost of energy that you need without the cost of lethargy.

3. Take vitamins
There are a lot of vitamins known to get you fired up for work that are sold in the market. Taking them on the daily helps you perk yourself up and prepares yourself for the day. Tablets with Vitamin B complex and Iron, for instance, help in energy production and support healthy brain function. They are also known to boost your metabolism as well as help you shoulder hefty mental workload.

4. Get groovin’
Listening to your favorite music is one way of keeping yourself awake, especially if you have a report you have to submit at the end of your shift. It makes the work experience less dull and it fires up your hidden dance moves even if you sit on your desk the whole day long!

Thinking of Hiring a Wedding Band?

Weddings 10 July 2017 | 0 Comments

So everything about the wedding reception has been settled—the venue, catering service, lights, decorations, table arrangement—everything. But there’s something missing. What could it be? Entertainment!
Even if you will be serving sumptuous and mouth-watering dishes and courses at your reception, but without good entertainment, your reception will be a major failure at the end of the day.

The Upside of a Wedding Band

You have a lot of choices when it comes to providing entertainment for your reception, and one of which is to hire a wedding live band Singapore.

Nothing beats the energy of a live band, and that is the first reason why you should get one for your reception. Wedding live music can get everybody into singing and dancing, and it is more electrifying than pre-recorded music.

Secondly, having a live wedding celebration singer from Singapore is great because of its visual impact. Your guests will not only be hearing the band perform live but, most importantly, they can watch them. The Singapore wedding live band can be focal point or the centre of interest of your reception. Plus you can have them dress up according to your wedding theme to have additional fun and excitement.

Types of Wedding Band

Live bands are of different types, and it is important for you to choose the one that fits the theme and style of your wedding. If you have a bigger budget, you can even have two or more bands to have a variety of wedding live music throughout your wedding.

Instrumental Ensemble

If you want a touch of elegance to your wedding, instrumental ensemble is perfect for you. This can include flute, cello, harp ensembles, and string quartets.

Jazz and Blues

For a sophisticated yet relaxed wedding reception, jazz bands are the most suitable. Whether it is easy listening for the wedding breakfast or the cocktail hour, or a faster tempo for dancing after the formal evening meal, this is the best type of band for you.


Pop wedding live band Singapore is the best choice if you have a generally young crowd. You can have the band play a fusion of 70s, 80s, and 90s hits, and even contemporary pop.


Rock bands may not be the common choice for formal affairs such as weddings, but if you think rock music will go well with your theme and personality, then so be it. In fact, if you carefully arrange the sets throughout the entire celebration, then you can be sure to finish the night with a bang.


To add a little soul to your sultry modern reception, R&B band is your best choice. This type of Singapore wedding live band is most suitable for evening weddings.


One of the most relaxing types of wedding bands is reggae. If you’re having a beach wedding or a tropical theme where the mood is laid back and informal, this type is the most appropriate for you. Your guests will surely sway to the rhythm.

10 Books on Asian History

Entertainment and Recreation 25 June 2017 | 0 Comments

Asia is rich in history and culture. The entire region has so many stories to tell that it will take a lifetime to read all the existing books about Asia. This is a list, not of travel books, but of history books to start you on a journey through Asia from the Middle East to Southeast Asia.

1. Orientalism by Edward Said (1978)

Said studied how the West represented a romanticized East in their depictions of its peoples and the societies. The Orientals are seen as exotics who are very different from the superior Western culture.

2. The Secret History of the Mongol Queens by Jack Weatherford (2008)

No book yet has talked about the contributions of the women behind the throne of the Mongol empire until this was published. The Mongols have influenced peoples from Europe to China. It’s time that the women’s pivotal role throughout the years are recognized.

3. Hirohito and the Making of Modern Japan by Herbert P. Brix (2000)

The award-winning book is a biography of Emperor Hirohito who was at a crossroads of traditional Japanese culture and the modern worldview.

4. The Rape of Nanking: The Forgotten Holocaust of World War II by Iris Chang (1997)

The Japanese invasion of China in 1937 is told from three perspectives; the Japanese soldiers, the foreigners residing the city, and the Chinese civilians.

5. The Coldest Winter: America and the Korean War by David Halberstam (2007)

It’s a comprehensive account of the Korean war told from different perspectives beginning in the entry of Chinese forces near the Yalu river to an analysis of America’s involvement in wars over the years.

6. Games Without Rules: The Often-Interrupted History of Afghanistan by Tamim Ansary (2012)

Ansary explains the struggle Afghanistan has been facing even before the Westerners brought their ideas of democracy to oppose Islamist fanaticism. The troubles are deeply rooted in the nation’s desire to create its own identity.

7. First They Killed My Father: A Daughter of Cambodia Remembers by Loung Ung (2000)

The story is told from the perspective of a little girl when her family was forced evacuate Phnom Penh. It’s a vivid account of the war and violence that Khmer Rouge has brought to the country.

8. The Last Mughal: The Fall of a Dynasty: Delhi, 1857 by William Dalrymple (2006)

The last Mughal emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar II, had no real power when the East India Company took over. In a last attempt to seize control, the emperor gave the signal that began the bloody Siege of Delhi.

9. Singapore: Biography by Mark Ravinder Frost and Yu-Mei Balasingamchow (2009)

The authors piece together the colorful history of Singapore by collecting correspondences and eyewitness accounts throughout the years from the Ming dynasty accounts to the present.

10. A History of the Arab Peoples by Albert Hourani (1991)

The book covers thirteen centuries of the Arab peoples’s history. It show how this region has contributed to the cultural, political and spiritual traditions of the world.

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